단수형과 복수형이 똑같이 생긴 단어들

means [count] 수단
means는 단어 뒤에 -s가 붙어서 형태는 ‘복수’입니다. 그러나 단수형과 복수형이 동일한 단어로 수단 1개는 a means, 수단 여러개는 means라고 합니다.

(단수로 쓰일 때)
I would say half of an hour, but without a means of measuring time with me, I couldn’t be sure.
One effective means of improving the process is to request more than one reference.

(복수로 쓰일 때)
The property was obtained by illegal means.
Instruments can become indirect means of communication for autistic children.

 

means [plural] 재력, 돈
His means are enough to pay for college.
She is a woman of independent means.

 

species [count] 종
means와 마찬가지로 species도 단어 뒤에 -s가 붙어서 형태는 ‘복수’입니다. 그러나 단수형과 복수형이 동일한 단어로 하나의 종을 나타낼 때는 a species, 여러 종은 species라고 합니다.

(단수로 쓰일 때)
Organisms of a particular species all have the same genes but have different alleles.
As in Darwin’s theory of natural selection, a species must adjust to survive.

(복수로 쓰일 때)
Most species have no natural predators and so do not fear humans.
There are approximately 8,000 species of ants.

 

 

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