학문 명이나 활동, 게임이나 병명은 셀 수 없는 명사다?

주로 학문명이나 활동, 게임이나 병명은 항상 셀 수 없다고 배웁니다. 물론 특정 단어가 ‘학문명이나 활동, 게임이나 병명’을 뜻할 때는 셀 수 없는 게 맞습니다. 그런데 똑같이 생긴 그 단어가 다른 뜻일 때는 셀 수 있는 경우도 있습니다. 앞에서 쭉 배웠듯 ‘셀 수 있는 건 세고 셀 필요가 없는 건 안센다’라고 보면 됩니다.

 

오늘 나올 단어 : acoustics, aerobics, aerodynamics, athletics, classics, economics, electronics, genetics, gymnastics, linguistics, logistics, mathematics, mechanics, obstetrics, physics, politics, statistics, thermodynamics, billiards, cards, checkers, bowls, darts, diabetes, mumps, measles, rabies

 

acoustics [noncount] 음향학 (학문)
Acoustics is a challenging subject.

acoustics [plural] 방이나 영화관 등에서의 음향시설 (singular, acoustic)
The acoustics of the new concert hall are excellent.
We love performing in this room because of its great acoustics.
The acoustics in the school’s auditorium are terrible.

cf.
acoustic [count] 어쿠스틱 기타
I was about to knock on the door when I heard a snare hit, followed by a bass guitar, and an acoustic.
These German-made acoustics are exceptional value and a pleasure to play.

 

aerobics [noncount OR plural] 에어로빅
an instructor teaching aerobics
She does aerobics three days a week.
I do aerobics twice a week.
I go to aerobics every Monday.
Aerobics is a good way to get your body in shape.
Are water aerobics really that effective?
Aerobics are good for burning body fat.

 

aerodynamics [noncount] 공기역학, 항공역학 (학문)
She has a degree in aerodynamics.

aerodynamics [plural] 공기역학(기능)
Research has focused on improving the car’s aerodynamics.
Its improved aerodynamics give the car more speed and better gas mileage.

 

athletics [noncount OR plural] 운동경기
students involved in all forms of college athletics.
College athletics attract students from a variety of backgrounds.
The coach believes high school athletics is in need of reform.
Were ancient athletics useful for preparing young Greek men for the battlefield?

athletics [noncount] 육상경기 (track and field)
Fredericks will always be remembered fondly by athletics fans around the world.
Alongside football, athletics is probably the sport I know and care most about.
Duffy won his award following a very successful year on the athletics track.

 

classics [noncount] (고대 그리스, 로마) 고전문학, 철학, 역사 등의 학문분야
I was an English major for two years before I decided to study Classics.
a degree in Classics
He teaches classics at the local university.
She studied classics in college.

the classics [count] (고대 그리스, 로마) 고전 (문학) 작품들
an interest in the classics
He had a good grounding in the classics and became well versed in Greek and Latin.
The classics exercise a particular influence.

cf.
classic [count] (책이나 영화, 음악 등) 명작
That car is a classic.
film/literary classics
Their latest album is destined to become a classic.
The novel may become a modern classic.
Charles Dickens’s timeless classic, ‘Oliver Twist’
one of the great classics of English literature

 

economics [noncount] 경제학
She studied economics before becoming a banker.
a professor of economics
Economics is my least favorite subject.
He studied politics and economics at Yale.
Keynesian/Marxist economics

economics [plural] 경제상태, 경제와 관련된 부분
the economics of buying a house [=the financial aspects of buying a house]
The economics of this agreement are complicated.
The economics of the project are very encouraging.
The simple economics of the case are easy to explain.
The new developments radically changed the economics of the newspaper industry.

home economics [noncount] 가정수업
She learned to sew in home economics.

 

electronics [noncount] 전자공학기술분야
the electronics industry
About 45 000 people worked in electronics in Scotland.
Their company merged with a Japanese electronics giant.

electronics [plural] 전자기기, 부품
Sales of consumer electronics are up.
There are problems with the system’s electronics.
Weather can interfere with a car’s electronics.

 

genetics [noncount] 유전학
I recommend this book to students who wish to pursue a career in human molecular genetics.
The study of genetics confirms that we are all extremely closely related biologically.

genetics [noncount OR plural] 유전적 특징
[noncount]
the effects of family genetics on the choice of career
However, the genetics of a naturally early leaf defoliation trait in wild cotton was not studied.
We know that genetics and heredity plays a part for a significant number of children.

[plural]
Scientists have long suspected that genetics play a role in the onset of the disease.
Naturopathic philosophy also suggests that genetics determine underlying susceptibility to disease or dysfunction, but not actual disease manifestation

 

gymnastics [noncount] 체조, 체육
She does gymnastics at school.
They limbered up by practicing some gymnastics on the mat.
He teaches gymnastics at the local high school.
Gymnastics is a sport that requires balance.
As in ice skating, women’s gymnastics has a component of showmanship in it.

gymnastics [plural] 비상한 능력이나 노력을 요하는 활동
The singer’s vocal gymnastics are impressive.
It makes sense, but only after some complicated mental gymnastics.

 

linguistics [noncount] 언어학
a course in applied linguistics
In linguistics a grammar is a limited set of rules which allows the production an unlimited number of sentences.

[!] grammar [noncount]
우리가 주로 사용하는 ‘문법’이란 뜻일 때는 세지 않습니다. (대부분의 경우 안 셈)
the rules of grammar
English grammar can be hard to master.

grammar [count] 어떤 언어의 문법 (세트), 문법책
comparing the grammars of English and Japanese
the big reference grammars of English

 

logistics [noncount OR plural] 실행계획 (많은 사람이나 장비가 필요한 작업)
My mother was in charge of the logistics of our camping trip.
the logistics of a political campaign
Logistics are the key to a successful military campaign.
(=Logistics is the key to a successful military campaign.)
the logistics of a large-scale rock show demand certain necessities
In theory it’s a good idea, but the logistics are the problem.
We have the aid money, but the logistics of getting it to those in need are daunting.

logistics [noncount OR plural] 물류회사
A logistics firm was hired for the deliveries.
a list of jobs available in logistics
By being near to its major client, significant cost savings in terms of logistics and utilities cost were expected.

 

mathematics [noncount] 수학
Algebra, arithmetic, calculus, geometry, and trigonometry are branches of mathematics.
She has a degree in mathematics.
Mathematics is my favorite subject.
Mathematics is my worst nightmare.

mathematics [plural] 어떤 사물 등의 수학적 측면
The mathematics of counting then allow you to work out your winning chances, and how much your prize might be.

 

mechanics [noncount] 기계학
His texts include books on algebra, mechanics, geometry and analysis.
Dynamics is defined as that branch of mechanics that deals with forces and their relation primarily to motion.

mechanics [plural] 어떤 일을 하는 순서나 방법
The exact mechanics of how payment will be made will be decided later.
He still has a lot to learn about the mechanics of running a business.
We correct mechanics like hand position, fingering creativity.

 

obstetrics [noncount] 산과학, 조산술
Possible adverse events were detected by two nurses in medicine and surgery and two midwives in obstetrics
He said they planned to take on extra clinicians in respiratory medicine, obstetrics and gynecology.

 

physics [noncount] 물리학, 물리적현상
One of the models and/or concepts used excessively in physics is the potential energy well.
String theory is supposed to contain the physics of the quantum behavior of gravity.
It generates naturally within the model, tropical cyclones, as a result of the physics and the dynamics included in the model.

 

politics [noncount] 정치, (공무원 등의) 공직
He is an important figure in American politics.
The students discussed the latest news in national/local politics.
Politics has always interested her.
Politics is a competitive profession.
She plans on going into politics. = She plans on entering politics

politics [plural] 정치에 관한 의견이나 생각
She has changed her politics.
His politics are very liberal/conservative
I assume her politics must be fairly conservative.

 

statistics [noncount] 통계학
Statistics is a branch of mathematics.

statistic [count] 통계자료
One statistic that stuck out is that 40 percent of those surveyed did not have college degrees.
The statistics show that teenagers are involved in a high percentage of traffic accidents.
Her speech included some revealing statistics about unemployment rates in rural areas.
The briefing was about the issue of how immigration statistics are collected.

 

thermodynamics [noncount] 열역학
I am subject to the second law of thermodynamics, but that in no way stops me having worthwhile purposes

 

billiards [noncount] 당구
The game of pocket billiards has a unique way of making us all equal.
It was a masculine room, with a billiards table in the center.

cf. billiard 당구의 (명사 앞에서만 한정적으로 사용)
billiard balls
a billiard table

 

cards [noncount] 카드게임
Do you want to play (a game of) cards?
We played cards until midnight.
I’m no good at cards.
We were having a game of cards.
Let’s play cards.

 

checkers (Bri. draughts) [noncount] 체커놀이
I think maybe checkers is your game.
Now go back to losing checkers so I can watch this.

 

bowls [noncount] 잔디에서 하는 볼링 (=lawn bowling)
Sam’s great-grandparents also competed for England in bowls.
The club will travel to play bowls this weekend.

cf. bowling [noncount] 볼링
She watches bowling on TV.
We’re going bowling.

 

darts [noncount] 다트게임
Her favorite game is darts.
Let’s play darts.

 

diabetes [noncount] 당뇨병
Conditions such as diabetes, heart complaints, multiple sclerosis and alcoholism should be declared.
He continued to practice despite his diabetes.

 

mumps [noncount] 볼거리
Malaria, mumps and tuberculosis, once considered eradicated, are on the rise again.
Mumps is usually a childhood illness.
She got (the) mumps.

 

measles [noncount] 홍역
He has (the) measles.
I’ve seen a severe case of the measles.
Children often died of measles or diphtheria in the late 1800s.

 

rabies [noncount] 광견병
The authorities have all but ruled out rabies as a cause of death.
Has the patient been in contact with saliva of an animal likely to cause rabies?

 

 

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